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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

The effect of Bandura's social cognitive theory implementation on addiction quitting of clients referred to addiction quitting clinics


1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Community Health Care Nursing, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Ghayen School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ghayen, Iran
3 Department of Health and Psychatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ali Dashtgard
Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Ghayen School Nursing and Midwifery, Ghayen
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 24554955

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Background: Addiction, especially addiction quitting, has been the main problem of health systems of many countries in recent years. High percentage of addiction recurrence (more than 80%) indicates that the nature and therapeutic method of addiction have not been recognized and it demands more efforts in this field. Thus, the present study was conducted with an aim to examine the effect of Bandura's social cognitive theory implementation on addiction quitting of clients referred to Imam Reza Hospital addiction quitting clinic. Materials and Methods: This two-group experimental study was conducted on 60 clients (30 clients in test group and 30 in control group) referred to Imam Reza Hospital addiction quitting clinic. The study tools were demographic and addiction-quitting self-efficacy questionnaires. After gathering demographic data and conducting pretest, the intervention was carried out based on Bandura's social cognitive theory for the test group and post-test was taken 1 month after the intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS using related tests. Results: According to the results, test group was more successful than the control group in addiction quitting. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of recurrence; it was less in the test group. A significant difference was also found between self-efficacy scores before and after the intervention in the test group. Conclusion: Using Bandura's social cognitive theory was effective on addiction quitting. So, it is recommended to apply it for clients referring to addiction quitting clinics.


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