Professional socialization in nursing: A qualitative content analysis
Ladan Zarshenas1, Farkhondeh Sharif2, Zahra Molazem3, Mohammad Khayyer4, Najaf Zare5, Abbas Ebadi6
1 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Member of Quality Improvement in Clinical Education Research Center, Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Community Based Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of Educational Psychology, Shiraz University and Pishtazan Higher Education Institute, Shiraz, Iran
5 Department of Biostatistics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
6 Department of Medical-Surgical, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Nursing Faculty of Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Community Based Nursing and Midwifery Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Source of Support: This work was financially supported by the
Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Grant No. 91-6220, Conflict of Interest: None
Background: Being a nurse is more than just a series of business activities and skills. In fact, it is a part of the process of socialization, which is internalization and development of professional identity. Professional socialization is necessary for involving the students in professional practices. Thus, the purpose of this qualitative research was to increase the understanding of professional socialization in nursing and explore the related factors from the perspective of registered nurses and nursing students.
Materials and Methods: In this qualitative design, data were collected on 43 nurses with a variety of experiences using semi-structured interviews and focus groups in the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in 2012. Data were analyzed through inductive content analysis.
Results: The data analysis revealed two main categories: (1) sense of belonging with three sub-categories of theory-practice incongruence, educational experiences and tacit knowledge and (2) forming professional identity consisting of three sub-categories of relatedness, internal motivation and role model.
Conclusions: This study demonstrates that in nursing, sense of belonging and professional identity contributes to professional socialization; it is suggested that these factors, which improve socialization in nurses, be taken into account by authorities.