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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 550-557

Experiences of adult smokers from the concepts of smoking: A content analysis

1 Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Student Research Committee, Tabriz Health Service Management Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Department of Health Education, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Health Service Management, Tabriz Health Service Management Research Centre, Faculty of Management and Medical Informatics, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Hasan Sahebihagh
Department of Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Background : Smoking cigarettes is a risk factor for many physical and mental diseases. About five million people die of smoking every year. Understanding the concept of cigarette smoking can help people develop their knowledge with regard to smoking. A qualitative research seems essential to detect these concepts. Therefore, the present study aims to take into account the experience of adult smokers with regard to the concept of smoking. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative content analysis study conducted on 12 smokers in four selected cities in Iran. Data were collected by in-depth, semi-structured interviews, transcribed verbatim, and simultaneously coded. Subsequently, they were analyzed using the content analysis method. Results: In the present study, eight concepts (themes), 22 subcategories, and 81 codes have emerged. The obtained concepts are physics of a cigarette, addiction and dependency, habit, feel the need, pleasure, seeking peace, mental involvement, and self-induction. Conclusions : The participants' experiences with regard to cigarette smoking can affect their understanding of the concepts of smoking. The understanding of these concepts by nurses and smokers can enhance their knowledge about the existing facts of smoking, which can act as a foundation for designing preventive methods and smoking cessation programs.

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