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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 343-347

Comparison of massage and prone position on heart rate and blood oxygen saturation level in preterm neonates hospitalized in neonatal intensive care unit: A randomized controlled trial

1 Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
2 Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran; Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Razieh Lotfi
Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_34_18

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Background: These days, most of the admitted infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are premature infants. Infant massage and prone position has been recommended for several decades to have a positive effect on preterm and low birth weight infants. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of neonatal massage with prone positioning in preterm infants on Heart Rate (HR), and Oxygen Saturation (O2Sa) status. Materials and Methods: This is a controlled randomized three-group clinical trial study conducted on hospitalized infants in selected hospitals of Alborz University of Medical Sciences in Karaj-Iran. There are about 75 preterm infants (33-37 weeks) who met inclusion criteria were randomly assigned to groups of position, massage as intervention groups, and a control group. Intervention (prone position and massage) was administrated for five straight days. The repeated measure ANOVA test was performed to evaluate and compare the effect of interventions.p value less than 0.05 was considered as statistical significance. Results: The Repeated Measure two-way Analysis of Variance (RM-ANOVA) result showed a significant difference in HR and SaO2 in different time points among control, position and massage groups with RM-ANOVA (F10,360=10.376,p < 0.001). HR values was reduced and SaO2 values was increased in intervention groups with RM-ANOVA (F5,360=2.323,p < 0.001). Conclusions: Results showed that massage and prone position equally led to the reduction of HR and increase of SaO2, compared to control group.

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