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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 500-507

Comparison of maternal-infant attachment in cesarean delivery based on robson classification: A cross-sectional study


1 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Community Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
4 Department of Midwifery, Maternal –Fetal Medicine Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Marzieh Akbarzadeh
Maternal –Fetal Medicine Research Center, Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_230_19

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Background: The Robson criteria allows for standardized comparisons of data and possible driving changes in Cesarean Section (C/S) rates and complications. The aimed to compare maternal-infant attachment in C/S based on Robson Classification. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted on 369 women who had undergone C/S in Hazrate Zeinab Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH), Hafez, and Shooshtari hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran from April 2018 to March 2019. The study data were collected using a demographic form, an obstetric form, and Avant Checklist (AC) at postpartum and pre-discharge stages. Each participant was placed in Robson classification and the attachment score was calculated in each Robson Classification, and a comparison was made among the 10 groups. The data were analyzed into the SPSS 16 software and using descriptive statistics and paired t test. Results: The total mean (SD) score of attachment was 38.73 (18.65) at 1–7 h postpartum and 90.52 (23.79) at pre-discharge. The highest total mean (SD) score of attachment was observed in group 6 (86.78 (8.70) at postpartum and 118.67 (4.47) at pre-discharge). The lowest total mean (SD) score of attachment was observed in group 10 (12.79 (2.37) at 1–7 h postpartum and 45.44 (7.99) at pre-discharge). Conclusions: Obstetric characteristics in Robson Classification, parity, previous C/S, gestational age, onset of labor, fetal presentation, and number of fetuses were effective in clarifying information. The use of this system is necessary to determine the causes of increased C/S cases in low-income and middle-income countries.


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